Manas National Park


2005 is the centenary year. Since the formation of Manas, it has added number of feathers to it’s crown such as Reserve Forest, Wildlife Sanctuary, National Park, Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve, Important Bird Area and Biosphere Reserve. All this has been possible only because of the conservation tradition of the Bodos living around Manas.

Manas Wildife Sanctuary, India, State of Assam, N26 43 30 E91 01 50 was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.The brief description says: “On a gentle slope in the foothills of the Himalayas, where wooded hills give way to alluvial grasslands and tropical forests, the Manas sanctuary is home to a great variety of wildlife, including many endangered species, such as the Tiger, Pygmy Hog, Indian Rhinoceros and Indian Elephants”.

The December,1985 report of the World Heritage Committee, Ninth ordinary session says: “The committee expressed it’s satisfaction that the Indian and Bhutanese governments had cancelled plans for construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Manas river which would have had severe impact on the integrity of this property. The committee furthermore encouraged the government of Bhutan to adhere to the World Heritage Convention and to nominate the contiguous Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in Bhutan which would then from a trans-frontier World Heritage Property”. If you prefer learn about other project, you can check our partner :

It is very unfortunate that Manas entered the ‘List of World Heritage Sites in Danger-1992’.The World Heritage Committee in the report of 22nd session, Kyoto 1998 informed that the implementation of rehabilitation plan for this site was progressing satisfactorily.

The best example of community participation in conservation is Manas Maozigendri Ecotourism Society (MMES).

an elephant

2005, Manas is politically stable in the able hands of the Bodo Territorial Council (BTC). The Field Director of the Tiger Reserve has been able to build up very strong relationship with some villages in and around the Tiger Reserve with the support of different conservation groups. The younger generation has taken up conservation of Manas Tiger Reserve as their mission.

Manas Maozigendri Initiative

The Initiative

  • North East India's First Community Partnership in Ecotourism

The Partners

  • Manas Maozigendri Ecotourism Society
  • Ashoka Holidays
  • Help Tourism

Supported by

  • Manas Tiger Reserve
  • All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) - Chapaguri Kojlabari Alchalik Committee
  • Association for Conservation & Tourism (ACT)

Ours goals

  • Free Manas from UNESCO List of "The World Heritage Site in Danger".
  • Confirm Conservation of Manas in Totality as a World Heritage Site.
  • Address to People's livelihood in villages around the protected areas & non reserves of the area.
  • Organize developmental works in the villages concerning the conservation, social, cultural, medical & agricultural aspects.
  • Revive the traditional conservation cultures of Bodos.
  • Develop better trans - border relation with Bhutan.

Our Achievements

  • Established our area of work.
  • Built roads & foot trails in the tiger reserve area.
  • Daily patrolling in Gypsy, Cycle & Foot.
  • Taken surrender of 47 Country Rifles (Gaziman) from dreaded poachers of this area.
  • Some of the ex-poachers undertake daily patrolling duty.
  • Illicit tree felling has been stopped to a large extent.
  • Organized frequent raids in forest and villages based on information mainly to stop use of wildlife for trade or for personal use.
  • Conservation awareness programmes & exhibitions have been organized in villages.

Recent Achievement

  • Established endangered species monitoring programme.
  • Established tourism & hospitality infrastructure demonstration project.
  • Organized training of volunteers in several fields.
  • Established better administration through formation of departments.
  • Established folk dance group.
  • Established women selfhelp group for handicraft.
  • Established a women conservation group to penetrate in the household & motivate wives, mothers and other women in the house not to allow entry or refuse to cook any kind of wild meat usually brought by men from their hunting trips.
  • Established a cultural group which has created one act plays based on anti-poaching subject.
  • Induced the social & medical tem to work hand in hand in supporting villagers.
  • Visitors invited & made part of the initiative.

Conservation Area

Maozigendri in our language means the fat female cat (fat because she is pregnant), representing fertility, which brings goodness to the society. The local people can relate themselves to the term Maozigendri and help develop a sense of possessionship. Also the river Maozigendri flows through the area. Hence we have named our area of work 'Manas Maozigendri Cinservation Area' covering the eastern part of core area of Manas Tiger Reserve and 57 villages surrounding it.

Protection & Monitoring

  • Hewali Dwilam Monitoring Camp.
  • Tanganmara Protection Camp & Tree House Complex.
  • Khwisibill Monitoring Camp & Machan.
  • Dwaimari Protection Camp.
  • Shotorupa Protection Camp.
  • Bengal Florican Monitoring & Conservation Center.
  • Alabari Great Hornbill Conservation Initiative.

Patrolling Roads & Trails

  • Lwkhibazar Dwaimari Jeep Road.
  • Hajwgulur (Round Mounrain) Trail.
  • Salt Lick Trail from Dwaimari.
  • Shotorupa Trail.
  • Grassland Trail from Bengal Florican Monitoring & Conservation Centre to Tanganmara Protection Camp.
  • Cycle Trail in Bengal Florican Monitoring Area.

Livelihhod Process

  • Manas Jungle Camp (Manas Hagrama Bada)
  • Manas Jungle Travels (Manas Shugrama Daobainai)
  • Bihamjw Tailor & Handloom
  • Cultural Society


  • Mr. Ashok Kumar - Senior Advisor & Trustee, Wildlife Trust of India, New Delhi has taken the initiative to support the forest patrolling activity.
  • Mr. David Cummins - Creative Director, Bank Creative Consultancy, U.K. has taken the initiative to support website & brochure designing.
  • Mr. Bibhuti Prasad Lahkar - Program Secretary & Conservation, Biologist, Aaronyak, Guwahati has taken the initiative to technocally support Bengal Florican Monitoring & Conservation Activity.
  • Ms. Prema Singh Bindra - Assistant Editor, Darpan, has taken the initiative of publicity of the Manas Maozigendri at New Delhi.
  • Ms. Tsanchingla Imlong of ZINGKI Tours & Adventures, Nagaland, has taken the initiative to promote Manas Maozigendri in the North East.